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Australian Citizenship

Australian citizenship is an important step in a migrant’s journey to becoming a full member of the Australian community. Those who have been conferred citizenship have the same rights and privileges as any other Australian citizen, including the right to vote, to work for the Australian Public Service or Defence Force, and to obtain and use an Australian passport.

Australian citizenship can be acquired automatically or by application.

Conferral

Australian citizenship may be conferred upon permanent residents of Australia who have resided in Australia for the required period of time, and meet all other criteria.

Citizens by conferral are also subject to the same responsibilities as other Australian citizens, including the responsibility to serve on a jury and to defend Australia should the need arise.

Descent

If you were born outside Australia, and at least one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth, you may be eligible for Australian Citizenship by descent.

Citizens by descent are also subject to the same responsibilities as other Australian citizens, including the responsibility to serve on a jury and defend Australia should the need arise.

Adoption

Australian citizenship is automatically acquired when a child is adopted in Australia, or an overseas adoption is finalised under Australian law. The child must be present in Australia as a permanent resident with at least one adoptive parent who is an Australian citizen.

Abandoned Children

A child abandoned in Australia is deemed to have been born in Australia unless proven otherwise.

Incorporation of Territory 

If any foreign territory becomes part of Australia, the Immigration Minister may determine the classes of persons who become Australian citizens on a specified date. A person of the specified class becomes an Australian citizen on the date specified by the Minister.